Edibles for landscaping include annuals, perennials, vines, shrubs and trees. While many plants produce an edible crop, upkeep and yield varies widely and not all edibles are appropriate for the home landscape. Choosing the edible that’s right for you involves determining the amount of time and space you are willing to commit to your edible landscape and what you goals are, be it the occasional treat, seasonal staples or heavy duty canning.
TREES produce nuts, fruits, berries and some are used as herbs. Fruit trees come in dwarf, semi-dwarf and standard sizes. Dwarf trees grow 8 to 12 feet tall, semi-dwarf grow 12 to 18 feet and standard trees grow 18 feet and larger. Fruit trees hardy in the Pacific Northwest include Apple, Cherry, Asian and European Pear and Plum; nut trees include Filbert and Walnut. Unusua l edible trees include Strawberry Tree, Kousa and Cornelian Cherry Dogwood, Fig, Olive, Monkey Puzzle Tree, Stone Pine, Mt. Ash, Bay Tree and Pawpaw.
SHRUBS come in a wide range of sizes, from the diminutive Lingonberry and Cranberry to the vigorous Quince. Some shrubs, such as Blueberries, are available in early, mid or late are many edible native shrubs, such as Currant, Elderberry, Huckleberry, Wintergreen, Thimbleberry, Salal, Oregon Grape, Indian Plum. Many shrubs make excellent landscape plants and are commonly used for their ornamental value.bearing varieties. Some shrubs are unusual and eye-catching, such as Flying Dragon Trifoliate Orange Silverberry and Rugosa Rose. There are many edible native shrubs, such as Currant, Elderberry, Huckleberry, Wintergreen, Thimbleberry, Salal, Oregon Grape, Indian Plum. Many shrubs make excellent landscape plants and are commonly used for their ornamental value.
VINES include Grapes, Caneberries (such as Raspberries or Blackberries), Hops and Kiwi. Vines require annual pruning to maintain their size and health. Vines typically require a good amount of space, so choose your location wisely. Some vines, such as some Kiwi varieties, can grow 30 feet or more in a single season.
PERENNIALS include Strawberry, Artichoke, Asparagus and Horseradish. Strawberries come in everbearing and spring-bearing varieties. A mix of varieties is an easy way to extend the harvest season. Artichoke and Horseradish are both striking landscape plants that bear for years without much maintenance. Asparagus can be harvested regularly after an initial establishment period.
ANNUALS include plants typically grown as garden vegetables, such as Tomato, Eggplant, Pepper, Squash, etc.
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